Asturcón Horse: Origin, Characteristics, Uses, Care and Management

The Asturcón Horse, also known as Asturian Pony, is a small and ancient horse breed originating from the Asturias region in northern Spain. Renowned for its hardiness, endurance, and sure-footedness, the Asturcón Horse has been valued for its ability to traverse the mountainous terrain of its native region.

It has adapted well to the rugged environment, and despite its small stature, it is a strong and resilient breed.

Origin and history of the breed

The Asturcón Horse has a long history that dates back to pre-Roman times. Historical records and archeological findings, such as cave paintings and ancient sculptures, suggest that this breed has been present in the region for thousands of years.

It is believed that the Asturcón was originally bred by the ancient Celtic tribes inhabiting the region and later influenced by the Romans when they occupied the area. Over the centuries, the Asturcón Horse has played a significant role in the lives of the local people, serving as a working horse, a mount for shepherds, and a reliable partner in agriculture and transportation.

Despite facing challenges, such as population decline and crossbreeding with other horse breeds, dedicated efforts have been made to preserve and promote this unique and important breed.

Breed Characteristics

Asturcón Horse

Physical appearance

The Asturcón Horse is a small but sturdy breed, typically standing between 11.2 and 13 hands (45 to 52 inches) tall. Despite its small stature, the Asturcón is a strong and robust horse with a well-proportioned body.

It has a compact and muscular build, with a wide chest and strong, sloping shoulders. The weight of an adult Asturcón horse can range from 600 to 800 pounds.

Color and markings

They come in a variety of solid colors, with the most common being black, bay, and chestnut. They may also be found in other colors, such as brown or gray. Some individuals may display minimal white markings on the face and lower legs, but excessive white markings are generally considered undesirable for the breed standard.

The Asturcón Horse has a thick, long, and wavy mane and tail, which provide added protection against the harsh weather conditions of its native region.


The Asturcón Horse has a well-defined head with a straight or slightly convex profile, large expressive eyes, and small, alert ears. Its neck is short but strong, merging smoothly into its withers and back.

The breed has a short and straight back, a well-rounded croup, and a low-set tail. Its legs are short but sturdy, with strong joints and well-defined tendons, while its hooves are small, hard, and resilient.

Temperament and personality

The Asturcón Horse is known for its gentle, friendly, and sociable nature. They are intelligent animals that are easy to train and have a strong willingness to learn. Their calm and docile temperament makes them ideal for novice riders, children, and individuals with disabilities.

Despite their small size, they are energetic and spirited horses, always eager to please their handlers.

Unique Traits of the Asturcón Horse

One of the most notable traits of the Asturcón Horse is its exceptional hardiness and adaptability. The breed has evolved in the harsh environment of the Asturian mountains, where it has developed resilience to cold temperatures, wet conditions, and rugged terrain.

These horses have excellent stamina and sure-footedness, making them well-suited for a variety of equestrian activities, even in challenging conditions. Additionally, the Asturcón Horse is known for its smooth and comfortable gaits, including a natural ambling gait called the “Paso llanero,” which is highly prized by riders.

Uses of the Asturcón Horse

Traditional uses

Agriculture and farming: Historically, they have been used for agricultural work, such as plowing fields, pulling carts, and carrying loads. Its strength, endurance, and adaptability made it an invaluable asset for farmers in the Asturias region of Spain.

Transport: The Asturcón Horse has also played a significant role in transportation, particularly in remote and mountainous areas where other means of transport were not feasible. Due to their sure-footedness and ability to navigate rugged terrain, they were used for carrying people and goods across difficult landscapes.

Riding and racing: Asturcón Horses were traditionally used for riding and racing by local people, who appreciated their smooth gaits and natural agility. The breed’s unique “paso llanero” gait made it particularly popular for long-distance rides, as it allowed riders to travel at a comfortable pace without tiring.

Herding livestock: The Asturcón Horse has also been used for herding livestock, such as sheep and cattle. Its energetic and intelligent nature made it an excellent herding animal, able to quickly and efficiently move animals from one location to another.

Military purposes: In the past, the Asturcón Horse was sometimes used by the Spanish military for reconnaissance and patrol duties. Its compact size, strength, and ability to traverse rough terrain made it a suitable mount for these purposes.

Modern uses

Riding and leisure: Today, the Asturcón Horse is primarily used for recreational riding and leisure activities. Its smooth gaits, friendly temperament, and ability to handle various terrains make it an ideal mount for riders of all skill levels, including beginners and children.

Equestrian sports: The Asturcón Horse is also used in various equestrian sports, such as dressage, show jumping, and endurance racing. Its agility, natural athleticism, and willingness to learn make it a competitive and enjoyable partner in these disciplines.

Care and Management

Feeding and nutrition:

The Asturcón Horse has a hardy nature and is well-adapted to its natural environment. It can thrive on a diet consisting of forage, such as hay or pasture. Supplementing with concentrates or grains can be done if needed, particularly for horses in heavy work or with specific dietary requirements.

Always consult with an equine nutritionist for tailored advice on feeding your Horse.

Grooming and coat care:

Regular grooming is essential to maintain the health and appearance of the Asturcón Horse’s coat. Use a curry comb, body brush, and mane and tail comb to remove dirt, debris, and tangles.

Regular hoof care is also essential, including picking out the hooves and scheduling routine farrier visits for trimming and shoeing, if necessary.

Exercise and training:

Asturcón Horses are intelligent and eager to learn, making them relatively easy to train. Consistent, patient, and positive training methods will yield the best results. Ensure that your horse receives regular exercise to maintain its fitness, mental well-being, and overall health. This can include riding, groundwork, or free exercise in a safe, enclosed area.

Health care and common issues:

The Asturcón Horse is generally a healthy and robust breed. However, like all horses, it requires routine veterinary care, including vaccinations, dental care, and deworming. Be vigilant for any signs of illness or injury and consult with a veterinarian promptly if concerns arise.

Regular preventive care and prompt attention to health issues will help ensure the well-being of your Asturcón Horse.


The Asturcón Horse is a rare and unique breed with a rich history and an array of admirable qualities. Its versatility, hardiness, and pleasant temperament make it an excellent choice for various equestrian pursuits and leisure activities.

By providing proper care and management, along with supporting conservation efforts, we can ensure that this exceptional breed continues to thrive for generations to come.

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