21 Amazing Purple Birds Species – Characteristics, Habitat, Behavior

Purple birds are a rare and captivating sight in the avian world, known for their vibrant plumage and intriguing behavior. We will explore various species of purple birds, their habitats, characteristics, and the role they play in their ecosystems.

Embark on an enthralling journey through the vibrant and diverse world of purple birds as we unveil 21 breathtaking species that display a stunning array of iridescent hues. From the charming purple honeycreeper to the enigmatic violet-backed starling, these remarkable avian wonders captivate with their striking color combinations and mesmerizing beauty.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating lives of these birds, exploring their unique behaviors, habitats, and characteristics. Experience the allure of these magnificent creatures and uncover the enchanting secrets that make them truly unforgettable.

List of 21 Beautiful Purple Birds

1. Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus)

Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus)

The Purple Honeycreeper (Cyanerpes caeruleus) is a small bird that belongs to the tanager family, Thraupidae. It is native to the tropical New World, with its range extending from Colombia and Venezuela south to Brazil and the island of Trinidad.

Habitats: Purple Honeycreepers are often found in gardens and woodlands, inhabiting tropical and subtropical moist lowland forests. They are also known to thrive in the understory of these forests, sometimes venturing into nearby habitats, such as the edges of forests and gardens.

Characteristics: The male Purple Honeycreeper is about 4.5 inches (11.5 cm) long and sports a stunning purplish-blue plumage with a narrow black mask, black throat, wings, and tail. Its legs are bright yellow, and it has a long, black, decurved bill. The female, on the other hand, is mostly green with pale streaking on her underparts, a grizzled buffy-brown face, and a blue mustache stripe. Her throat is yellow, and she also has bright yellow legs.

Behavior: The Purple Honeycreeper is an active and acrobatic bird, often foraging in its habitat with its slender, decurved bill, allowing it to access nectar from various flowers. When faced with potential predators, Purple Honeycreepers display fascinating mobbing behavior, flying out all at once and making loud noises to deter the predator and protect themselves.

The Purple Honeycreeper is a mesmerizing and enchanting bird species, known for its striking appearance and unique behaviors. Its captivating characteristics and habitat preferences make it an intriguing subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

2. Purple Martins (Progne subis)

Purple Martins (Progne subis)

Purple Martins are an enchanting species of bird with captivating features and behaviors. They are the largest swallow found in North America, and their shimmering, dark purple-blue plumage is a sight to behold.

Habitats: Purple Martins can be found throughout the eastern United States, parts of Canada, and even the deserts of the American Southwest. They prefer open habitats near water, such as wetlands, lakes, and rivers, where they can easily find their primary food source: flying insects.

Unique Behaviors: These agile birds are known for their impressive aerial acrobatics as they hunt for insects in mid-air. Purple Martins are social creatures that often nest in colonies. They have adapted well to human-made nesting structures, such as birdhouses or gourds, making them popular birds for backyard enthusiasts. They are also known to exhibit site fidelity, meaning they often return to the same nesting locations year after year.

Characteristics: Purple Martins have a streamlined body shape, with long, pointed wings and a slightly forked tail that aids in their swift flight. Males display the most vibrant purple-blue plumage, while females and juveniles have a more subdued grayish-brown coloration with some hints of blue. These birds are cavity nesters, and both the male and female contribute to building their nest, typically made of twigs, grass, and other available materials.

Purple Martins are fascinating creatures that captivate birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike. Their striking appearance, acrobatic hunting skills, and communal nesting habits make them a beloved species among bird lovers.

3. Purple Gallinules (Porphyrio martinica)

Purple Gallinules (Porphyrio martinica)

Purple Gallinules are one of the most vividly colored birds in North America, boasting an impressive combination of cherry red, sky blue, moss green, aquamarine, indigo, violet, and school-bus yellow. These striking birds can be found lurking in the marshes of the extreme southeastern U.S., where their color palette blends surprisingly well with the tropical and subtropical wetlands.

Habitats: Purple Gallinules are primarily found in marshes and wetlands, where they can easily traverse their environment using their long legs and long toes to step gingerly across water plants and other vegetation.

Characteristics: Purple Gallinules belong to the kingdom Animalia and the genus Porphyrio. Their unique coloration sets them apart from other birds, making them easily recognizable and a favorite among birdwatchers. They have a red beak with a yellow tip and a blue shield on their forehead, further adding to their striking appearance.

Behavior: These birds are known for their ability to adapt to their wetland environment. Their long legs and toes allow them to walk on floating vegetation and navigate their way through the marshes with ease. These purple birds are also known to be good swimmers, further demonstrating their adaptability to their habitat.

The Purple Gallinule is a truly remarkable bird, not only for its vibrant colors but also for its unique adaptations to its wetland environment. Their striking appearance and intriguing behaviors continue to captivate bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

4. Violet Sabrewings (Campylopterus hemileucurus)

Violet Sabrewings (Campylopterus hemileucurus)

The Violet Sabrewing (Campylopterus hemileucurus) is a species of hummingbird belonging to the “emeralds” tribe, Trochilini, in the subfamily Trochilinae. This very large hummingbird is native to southern Mexico and Central America, ranging as far south as Costa Rica and western Panama.

Habitats: Violet Sabrewings are typically found in the understory and edges of mountain forests, particularly near streams. They are also known to inhabit humid evergreen forests in highlands and foothills, occasionally descending to lowlands in southeastern Mexico.

Characteristics: Violet Sabrewings are very large hummingbirds, easily recognized by their thick, arched bill and large white tail corners. The male’s spectacular purple plumage often appears blackish overall, but when the light catches it just right, it reveals its vibrant violet color.

Breeding: The breeding season for Violet Sabrewings varies by location, with Mexico’s rainy season spanning from June to September and Costa Rica’s from May to November. In Costa Rica, they may raise two broods during this time. The female Violet Sabrewing lays two white eggs in a relatively large cup nest on a low horizontal branch, usually over a stream.

Behavior: Known for their aggressive behavior, Violet Sabrewings feed at all levels of flowers, and at times, in the canopy of roadside trees. Their size and striking appearance make them an unforgettable sight in their natural habitats.

The Violet Sabrewing is a captivating and enchanting hummingbird species, known for its impressive size and vibrant purple plumage. Its unique behaviors and habitat preferences make it an intriguing subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

5. Violet-backed Starlings (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster)

Violet-backed Starlings (Cinnyricinclus leucogaster)

Violet-backed Starlings, also known as plum-colored starlings or amethyst starlings, are stunning birds with fascinating features and behaviors. These small starlings, measuring about 17 cm in length, belong to the family Sturnidae and are the only member of the genus Cinnyricinclus.

Habitats: Violet-backed Starlings are native to mainland sub-Saharan Africa, where they can be found in woodlands and savannah forest edges. These birds thrive in open areas, often occupying habitats with an abundance of trees for nesting and foraging.

Unique Behaviors: Violet-backed Starlings are known for their striking appearance, particularly the males, which are captivating to birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike. These social birds can often be seen in pairs or small flocks, where they engage in various activities such as foraging and vocalizing together.

Characteristics: Violet-backed Starlings are sexually dimorphic, meaning males and females look dramatically different. Males have iridescent plum-violet to purple-blue feathers, which can change depending on the light, while their bellies and vents are white. Females and juveniles, on the other hand, have brown-streaked white bellies and darker brown-streaked upper parts. Both sexes sport a distinctive dark bill and a lemon-yellow eye, adding to their unique appearance.

The Violet-backed Starling is a truly amazing bird species that continues to captivate nature lovers with its vibrant colors and fascinating behaviors. Their striking looks and intriguing characteristics make them a favorite among bird enthusiasts worldwide.

6. Violet-crowned Woodnymphs (Thalurania colombica)

Violet-crowned Woodnymphs (Thalurania colombica)

The Violet-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica) is a species of hummingbird belonging to the family Trochilidae. This captivating bird can be found in various countries, including Belize, Guatemala, northern Peru, and northern Colombia. Its natural habitats include subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and heavily degraded former forests.

Habitats: The Violet-crowned Woodnymph is commonly found in wet lowlands and foothills up to 2500 meters. They often inhabit evergreen forests and forest edges in tropical lowlands, particularly near streams. These birds are known to feed at low to middle levels in the shady understory and visit feeders at edges and in clearings.

Characteristics: The male Violet-crowned Woodnymph displays an impressive emerald and violet plumage, which can appear dark depending on the lighting. Its fairly long, deeply forked tail is also noteworthy. The female, on the other hand, has a relatively dull and plain appearance, with a black bill, green-mottled flanks, and a blue-black streak.

Behavior: Violet-crowned Woodnymphs are active birds, often found foraging and feeding in their natural habitats. Though specific behavioral details are not provided in the sources, their vibrant colors and active nature make them an appealing subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

The Violet-crowned Woodnymph is a stunning and enchanting hummingbird species, known for its striking plumage and intriguing habitat preferences. Its remarkable appearance and the captivating habitats in which it thrives make it an interesting subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

7. Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie)

Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie)

The Violet-bellied Hummingbird (Juliamyia julie) is a species of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae. This charming bird is native to Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama, where it inhabits subtropical and tropical moist lowland forests, as well as heavily degraded former forests.

Habitats: The Violet-bellied Hummingbird typically resides in lowland forests, ranging from sea level to elevations of 1,000 meters, with occasional records at higher elevations. They are commonly found in the forest understory and edges, particularly near streams and other water sources.

Characteristics: The Violet-bellied Hummingbird is a small hummingbird, measuring approximately 8 centimeters in length and weighing around 3 grams. Males are easily recognized by their iridescent violet-blue belly and throat, emerald green upperparts, and white vent. Females have a more subdued appearance, with green upperparts and grayish-white underparts.

Behavior: The Violet-bellied Hummingbird is known for its rapid and agile flight, as well as its ability to hover in place while feeding on nectar from various flowering plants. They are also known to feed on small insects and spiders, which provide an additional source of protein. Males are known to be territorial, often defending their feeding areas from other hummingbirds.

The Violet-bellied Hummingbird is a captivating and enchanting species, known for its vibrant colors and impressive agility. Its unique behaviors and habitat preferences make it an intriguing subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

8. Violet-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus coelestis)

Aglaiocercus coelestis- purple bird

The Violet-tailed Sylph (Aglaiocercus coelestis) is a stunning species of hummingbird belonging to the family Trochilidae. This striking bird is native to Colombia, where it primarily inhabits subtropical and tropical moist montane forests, particularly on the slopes of the Andes.

Habitats: The Violet-tailed Sylph is typically found in cloud forests, ranging from elevations of 1,200 to 2,600 meters. They are particularly drawn to areas with abundant flowering plants, which provide them with a rich source of nectar.

Characteristics: The Violet-tailed Sylph is a medium-sized hummingbird, measuring around 14 centimeters in length, with males having a long iridescent violet-blue tail that can reach up to 11 centimeters. Males are easily recognized by their striking plumage, featuring a glittering green head, turquoise-blue back, and iridescent violet-blue tail. Females have a more subdued appearance, with green upperparts, grayish-white underparts, and a shorter tail without the characteristic violet-blue coloration.

Behavior: The Violet-tailed Sylph is known for its agile and rapid flight, as well as its ability to hover in place while feeding on nectar from various flowering plants. They are also known to feed on small insects and spiders, which provide an additional source of protein. Males are territorial, often defending their feeding areas from other hummingbirds.

The Violet-tailed Sylph is a captivating and enchanting hummingbird species, known for its impressive tail and vibrant plumage. Its unique behaviors and habitat preferences make it an intriguing subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

9. Purple-throated Euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica)

puple bird Euphonia-chlorotica

The Purple-throated Euphonia (Euphonia chlorotica) is a songbird species belonging to the family Fringillidae. Native to South America, it can be found in a variety of countries, including Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela.

Habitats: The Purple-throated Euphonia inhabits a wide range of environments, from forests to shrublands and even human-altered landscapes. It is a highly adaptable species, capable of thriving in various ecosystems.

Characteristics: This small bird features a strong bill and a short tail. Males have a glossy blue-black head, back, and throat, with a bright yellow forehead and belly, as well as a white undertail. Females, on the other hand, display an olive-green plumage on their upper body, with either a yellowish or white belly, depending on the region.

Behavior: The Purple-throated Euphonia is a songbird known for its melodic calls, which can be heard in the forests and shrublands it inhabits. As a member of the finch family, it feeds on a variety of seeds, fruits, and insects.

The Purple-throated Euphonia is a captivating songbird, known for its vibrant colors and enchanting melodies. Its adaptability to various habitats makes it an interesting subject for bird enthusiasts and nature lovers alike.

10. Purple-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus viola)

Purple bird - Heliangelus viola

The Purple-throated Sunangel (Heliangelus viola) is a mid-sized hummingbird species found in western Ecuador and northwestern Peru. It belongs to the genus Heliangelus and is a part of the “brilliants” tribe Lesbiini, in the subfamily Lesbiinae.

Characteristics: The Purple-throated Sunangel is 11 to 12 cm (4.3 to 4.7 in) long and weighs 5.1 to 6.6 g (0.18 to 0.23 oz) . It has a short, straight, blackish bill. Both sexes have shining green upperparts and green bellies, with central tail feathers that are also shining green, while the other tail feathers are blackish. Males have a glittering blue-green frontlet and a flashy violet gorget (throat patch), which may appear darker in poor light conditions or when viewed from certain angles. Females are similar to males but are smaller, less saturated in color, and have shorter, less deeply forked tails.

Habitats: The Purple-throated Sunangel inhabits subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forests at elevations ranging from 2,150 to 3,050 meters. They have a medium level of forest dependency.

Behavior: Information on the behavior of the Purple-throated Sunangel is limited in the provided search results. However, as a hummingbird species, it can be inferred that they likely exhibit behaviors such as rapid, hovering flight, and feeding on nectar from flowers, as well as small insects and spiders for protein.

In conclusion, the Purple-throated Sunangel is a mesmerizing hummingbird species native to the montane forests of Ecuador and Peru. With their unique and vibrant coloration, they are a delight to observe for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike.

11. Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis)

Purple bird - Eulampis jugularis

The Purple-throated Carib (Eulampis jugularis) is large, dark hummingbird is also known as the Purple-breasted Carib, Purple Carib, Purple-throated Hummingbird, Garnet Hummingbird, or Red-breasted Hummingbird. Its most striking feature is its deep purple to purplish-red throat patch (gorget) and chest, which glows beautifully in the right lighting conditions.

Characteristics: Purple-throated Caribs have a markedly downcurved bill and appear mostly black in most lighting conditions. However, their shimmering green wings are usually visible, and these green wings, along with the more strongly curved bill, help distinguish them from the Green-throated Carib. They measure 11 to 12 cm (4.3 to 4.7 in) in length.

Habitat: Purple-throated Caribs are residents of the Lesser Antilles and can be found on islands such as Antigua, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Saba, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, and Sint Eustatius. They have also occurred as vagrants in Barbados, Barbuda, Grenada, and the Greater Antilles. They are generally found in various habitats, such as forests, gardens, and other areas with abundant flowering plants.

Behavior: Purple-throated Caribs are known for their fascinating feeding behavior. They primarily feed on nectar from flowering plants, using their long, curved bills to access the flowers. They may also consume small insects and spiders as part of their diet. Like other hummingbirds, they have a rapid wingbeat, which allows them to hover in place while feeding, making them highly agile and efficient feeders.

Breeding: The breeding season for Purple-throated Caribs mainly occurs between February and May but can start as early as January and extend until September. They build small cup nests from soft plant fibers and spider silk, occasionally attaching lichens and bark strips to the outside. The nests are often located on slender branches, providing a secure and hidden location for their eggs and chicks.

12. Purple-crested Turaco (Gallirex porphyreolophus)

Purple bird - Gallirex porphyreolophus

The Purple-crested Turaco (Gallirex porphyreolophus) is a stunning bird species known for its striking appearance and unique behaviors. This remarkable bird, belonging to the turaco family, is native to eastern and southern Africa and is often found in forests, wooded savannas, and riverine vegetation.

Characteristics: The Purple-crested Turaco is a medium-sized bird with a length of approximately 45 cm (17.7 inches) and a weight of 210-325 grams (7.4-11.5 ounces). It has a distinctive purple crest on its head, a greenish-blue back, and a deep purple face, neck, and breasts. Its red eye-rings and white patches on its cheeks make it even more eye-catching. The primary feathers are red, and the tail is long and broad with a white tip. The bill is red and stout, while the legs and feet are dark gray.

Habitat: The Purple-crested Turaco inhabits a range of habitats, including evergreen forests, riparian forests, and wooded savannas. It can be found in eastern and southern Africa, particularly in countries such as Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Eswatini (formerly Swaziland), Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Behavior: The Purple-crested Turaco is a highly social and vocal bird. It typically forms groups of 2-12 individuals and has a range of distinctive calls, including loud, hoarse, and guttural sounds. It is primarily arboreal and is an agile climber, moving from branch to branch with ease. While turacos are known for their weak flight, they can travel considerable distances by gliding from tree to tree.

Breeding: The breeding season of the Purple-crested Turaco varies depending on the region but generally takes place from September to January. They build a flimsy, shallow nest made of sticks and twigs, usually placed in the fork of a tree. The female lays 2-3 eggs, and both parents share incubation duties for about 22-24 days. After hatching, the chicks are fed by both parents and leave the nest after approximately four weeks.

13. Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis)

Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis)

The Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis) is a species of hummingbird known for its striking appearance and interesting behaviors. Belonging to the Trochilidae family, this bird can be found in southeastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, and far northeastern Argentina, primarily in Misiones Province.

Characteristics: The Violet-capped Woodnymph is a small hummingbird with a metallic green body and dark wings. Males possess a long, deeply forked blue tail and a vibrant violet crown. Females have a green crown, are pale gray below, and have shorter tails.

Habitat: This species thrives in various environments, such as forests (primarily humid), dense woodlands, gardens, and parks. It can be found in southeastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, Uruguay, and northeastern Argentina. The Violet-capped Woodnymph is widespread and generally common, resulting in a classification of Least Concern by BirdLife International.

Behavior: The Violet-capped Woodnymph is a highly active and agile bird. Like other hummingbirds, it is known for its ability to hover in mid-air while feeding on nectar from flowers. It also visits feeders and gardens, which can be observed more easily.

Breeding: Information about the breeding habits of the Violet-capped Woodnymph is limited, but like other hummingbirds, it is likely that the female builds a small cup-shaped nest made of plant fibers and spider silk, camouflaged with lichen. The female usually lays two eggs and takes care of the young on her own, as male hummingbirds do not participate in nesting or chick-rearing.

14. Violet-throated Metaltail (Metallura baroni)

Violet-throated Metaltail (Metallura baroni)

The Violet-throated Metaltail (Metallura baroni) is an endangered species of hummingbird in the “coquettes” tribe Lesbiini of the subfamily Lesbiinae. This hummingbird is endemic to the high-elevation Andes of southern Ecuador. It is an endangered, high-altitude hummingbird species with a restricted distribution in the Andes of southern Ecuador. Its striking appearance and unique habitat make it an important species for conservation efforts.

Characteristics: The Violet-throated Metaltail is a medium-sized, largely green hummingbird, measuring about 10-11 cm in length. Males have a striking violet throat, uniformly dark olive-green upperparts, and a straight black bill. Their underparts are concolorous with the back, except for the purple-violet throat and sky-blue tail with a yellow-green underside. Females have underparts scaled with gray or buff.

Habitat: The Violet-throated Metaltail is found exclusively in the high-elevation Andes of southern Ecuador. It is a rare species with a restricted distributional range, which has led to its classification as globally endangered. The IUCN Red List classifies the Violet-throated Metaltail as an Endangered species due to its limited distribution and the ongoing loss and fragmentation of its habitat. Conservation efforts are necessary to protect this unique hummingbird and its habitat.

Behavior: Information on the behavior of the Violet-throated Metaltail is limited. However, like other hummingbirds, it is likely to exhibit agile flight and hovering capabilities, allowing it to feed on nectar from various flowers in its high-altitude habitat.

Breeding: The Violet-throated Metaltail builds nests resembling a slipper without a heel, made of moss, twigs, and wool. The female incubates the clutch of two white eggs. Further information on the breeding habits of this species is scarce.

15. Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)

urple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio)

The Purple Swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio) is a fascinating bird species with unique characteristics, distinct habitats, and intriguing behaviors. From their vibrant plumage and gregarious nature to their historical role as decorative birds in ancient societies, Purple Swamphens lead truly fascinating lives.

Characteristics: The Purple Swamphen is a large rail that is primarily dusky black above, with a dark blue collar and dark blue to purple below. Its body length ranges from 38 to 50 cm, with a wingspan of 90 to 100 cm. This bird features a large triangular bill and a prominent frontal shield, both of which are scarlet or dark blood-red. Additionally, its irises are carmine or orange-red.

Habitat: Purple Swamphens prefer wet areas with high rainfall, such as swamps, lake edges, and damp pastures. They typically inhabit freshwater and brackish wetlands with abundant emergent vegetation, including reedmace, sedges, and reeds. These birds favor marshes and swamps with consistent water levels but can also be found in pastures and disturbed areas.

Behavior: The Purple Swamphen is a diurnal and gregarious bird that often lives in pairs or larger communities. They are territorial, particularly during the breeding season, with all flock members defending their chosen territory through vocalizations like cries and calls. As they walk, Purple Swamphens flick their tails up and down, revealing their white undertail.

Purple Swamphens are omnivorous and can be seen clamoring through reeds to eat tender shoots and vegetable-like matter. They have also been known to consume eggs, ducklings, small fish, and invertebrates like snails.

Historical Significance: In ancient Greece and Rome, Purple Swamphens were kept in captivity as decorative bird species due to their vibrant purple-blue-colored long legs and orange-red beak. They were not kept for food but as companions or to adorn temples.

16. Purple-throated Cotinga (Cotinga cotinga)

Purple-throated Cotinga (Cotinga cotinga)

The Purple-throated Cotinga (Cotinga cotinga) is an eye-catching bird species with distinct characteristics, habitats, and possible behaviors. Their striking coloration and presence in subtropical or tropical swamps and degraded forests make them an interesting subject for bird enthusiasts and researchers alike.

Characteristics: The Purple-throated Cotinga is a smaller cotinga species that exhibit strong sexual dimorphism. Males have black upperparts with a bold white wing stripe, white edges on the tertial feathers, and a white belly with some black barring on the rear flanks. Females are warmer brown than the female Spangled Cotinga, which are a colder gray and often have a pale eye like the male. The species is monotypic within the genus Porphyrolaema and has no known subspecies.

Habitat: The Purple-throated Cotinga is found in subtropical or tropical swamps and heavily degraded former forests in South America, specifically in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.

Behavior: While specific behavioral information about the Purple-throated Cotinga is not readily available but the Spangled Cotinga, a related species, has been observed foraging with other species of cotingas, including the Purple-throated Cotinga. This suggests that Purple-throated Cotingas may engage in similar social interactions and foraging behaviors as their relatives.

17. Purple-bearded Bee-eater (Meropogon forsteni)

Purple-bearded Bee-eater (Meropogon forsteni)

The Purple-bearded Bee-eater (Meropogon forsteni) is an intriguing bird species with distinct characteristics, habitats, and likely behaviors. Its striking coloration, unique habitat on the island of Sulawesi, and probable insectivorous diet make it an interesting subject for bird enthusiasts and researchers alike.

Characteristics: The Purple-bearded Bee-eater is an unmistakable large bee-eater with elongated central tail feathers, a greenback and uppertail, and a diagnostic deep purple face and throat. The purple throat is more extensive in males, while juveniles are greener below, less purple, and lack long central tail feathers. This species is a near passerine bird and belongs to the bee-eater family Meropidae. It is the only member of the genus Meropogon.

Habitat: The Purple-bearded Bee-eater is an endemic resident on the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is often found in open areas of rainforests, the mid-and upper-canopy levels, on the edges of forests, and in the lowlands where forests meet well-timbered farmland. The species can be found from sea level to an altitude of 6,070 feet (1,850 meters).

Behavior: It can be inferred that these birds feed primarily on bees and other flying insects. The Purple-bearded are known for their agility in flight, capturing prey mid-air, and removing the stinger before consuming the insect.

18. Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamin)

Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini)

The Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini) is a species of hummingbird found in cloud forests along the western slopes of the Andes in Colombia and Ecuador. It is a small, elusive hummingbird species with distinctive coloration and markings. Found in the cloud forests of the western Andes, this bird remains relatively mysterious due to its secretive behavior, making it an interesting subject for further research and observation.

Characteristics: The Purple-bibbed Whitetip measures 8 to 9 cm (3.1 to 3.5 in) in length and weighs 3.8 to 4.2 g (0.13 to 0.15 oz). Both sexes have a medium-length straight black bill, a prominent white stripe behind the eye, and glittering green upperparts. Males have a distinctive violet lower throat, white below it, and a grayish belly with green spots. Both sexes also have a short, white line behind the eye and white tips on the inner tail feathers, which combine to form a large round spot.

Habitat: The Purple-bibbed Whitetip is native to humid forest areas of the Andes in the northwest to central-western South America, specifically in western Colombia (Rio Nambi Forest, Choco), southwestern Colombia, western Ecuador, and northeastern Peru.

Behavior: Little is known about this purple bird species due to its elusive nature, as it rarely forages in the open, instead searching for insects and small flowers. The Purple-bibbed Whitetip is known to build nests from foliage, such as moss and ferns, usually along steep ravines.

19. Violet-throated Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus cognatus)

The Violet-throated Toucanet (Aulacorhynchus cognatus) is a subspecies of bird that belongs to the toucan family (Ramphastidae). It is also referred to as the Northern Emerald-Toucanet.

Characteristics: Adult Violet-throated Toucanets measure 29 to 37 cm (11 to 15 in) in length and weigh about 120 to 185 g (4.2 to 6.5 oz). Both sexes have similar appearances, though females are generally smaller and have a shorter bill. Their bill is black, featuring a wide yellow stripe along its culmen and a white vertical strip at its base.

Habitat: These birds inhabit mountainous regions from Mexico through Central America to northern Venezuela and along the Andes as far south as central Bolivia. They typically live in humid forests and more open woodlands, primarily at higher elevations.

Behavior: The diet of the Violet-throated Toucanet consists of fruit, lizards, insects, bird eggs, and nestlings. Birds from the toucan family, including the Violet-throated Toucanet, have evolved specific adaptations to blend into their environment and avoid predation. Their unique color patterns and habitat choices help them remain undetected by predators, ensuring their survival.

20. Violet-chested Hummingbird (Sternoclyta cyanopectus)

Sternoclyta cyanopectus

©Lorenzo Calcaño

The Violet-chested Hummingbird (Sternoclyta cyanopectus) is a species of hummingbird found in Venezuela and adjacent Colombia. It belongs to the monotypic genus Sternoclyta and the family Trochilidae.

Characteristics: The Violet-chested Hummingbird is a large and attractive hummingbird, with the male featuring an iridescent violet patch on its chest, an orange wing patch, and a white-tipped tail. This species is green and long-billed.

Habitat: The Violet-chested Hummingbird’s distribution ranges from Venezuela to Colombia. Specific details about its habitat are not provided in the available search results.

Breeding: The breeding season of the Violet-chested Hummingbird spans from March to July in Lara state and also in November and December in other parts of its range. The bird builds a cup nest, usually in a branch fork but sometimes on a vine or fern, and typically about 2 meters (7 ft) above the ground. Clutch size is two white eggs, usually laid every other day, with an incubation period of 20.4 days and a nestling period of 26 days. The fresh egg mass is 0.95 grams, which is 15% of the female’s mass.

21. Purple-crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus)

Purple-crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus) - purple bird

The Last Purple bird in this article is the Purple-crested Turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus) a species of bird in the clade Turaco, and it was previously placed in the family Musophagidae. It is native to countries in eastern and southern Africa, such as Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

The Purple-crested Turaco is a colorful bird with a purple crest above its green head, a red ring around its eyes, and a black bill. It has iridescent deep purple, blue, green, and olive feathers, and when in flight, it displays distinctive deep red panels in its wings. This bird species is the National Bird of the Kingdom of Swaziland, and its crimson flight feathers are important in the ceremonial regalia of the Swazi royal family.

Purple-crested Turacos inhabit riverine woodland and savanna thickets, where they move acrobatically through the vegetation. They are primarily frugivorous, feeding on fruits, and play an important role in seed dispersal and germination. Their digestion of seeds allows for high rates of germination and low seed retention, even when consuming invasive plants.

Final Thoughts on Purple Birds

The fascinating variety of 21 purple birds you have explored in this article showcases the remarkable diversity and beauty found in the avian world. These birds, adorned in shades of violet and purple, captivate birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike with their unique and striking plumage.

From the Violet Sabrewing to the Violet-bellied Hummingbird and the Purple-crowned Woodnymph, these species remind us of the vibrant colors and intricate patterns that birds display, often surpassing human imagination.

As we appreciate and celebrate the wonder of these purple birds, let us also recognize the importance of preserving their natural habitats and ensuring their continued survival for future generations to admire and enjoy.

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